Historically, Elephas maximus had a geographic range of 9 million square kilometers across a large part of Asia. This range extended as far west as current day Iraq, as far north as the Yangtze River in China, and across the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia, including the islands of Sri Lanka and Sumatra Indonesia. This range consists of small discontinuous areas in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. Choudhary, et al. Asian elephants live in a variety of habitats in the tropical region, including grasslands, tropical evergreen forests, moist deciduous forests, and scrub forests. They typically live in elevations from sea level to 3, meters, but elephants that live near the Himalaya Mountains sometimes move up higher than this range in hot weather.
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Asian Elephants are much smaller than the African elephants only growing to a couple of meters tall. Asian elephants are found in the tropical jungles of India and China , and throughout most countries in south-east Asia. Asian elephants have been domesticated for hundreds of years for foresting and often battle. There are many places across Asia where Asian elephants are kept for tourists to ride, and are often treated fairly badly. Asian elephants are well known for their immense strength and friendliness towards humans.